Document Type

Article

Publication Date

11-2-2015

Abstract

A popular class of BRDF models is the microfacet models, where geometric optics is assumed. In contrast, more complex physical optics models may more accurately predict the BRDF, but the calculation is more resource intensive. These seemingly disparate approaches are compared in detail for the rough and smooth surface approximations of the modified Beckmann-Kirchhoff BRDF model, assuming Gaussian surface statistics. An approximation relating standard Fresnel reflection with the semi-rough surface polarization term, Q, is presented for unpolarized light. For rough surfaces, the angular dependence of direction cosine space is shown to be identical to the angular dependence in the microfacet distribution function. For polished surfaces, the same comparison shows a breakdown in the microfacet models. Similarities and differences between microfacet BRDF models and the modified Beckmann-Kirchhoff model are identified. The rationale for the original Beckmann-Kirchhoff F2bk geometric term relative to both microfacet models and generalized Harvey-Shack model is presented. A modification to the geometric F2bk term in original Beckmann-Kirchhoff BRDF theory is proposed.

Comments

Posted on AFIT Scholar in accordance with the Optical Society of America's Gold Open Access Policy Statement. A 12-month embargo was observed for this posting.

A citation to the version of record at OSA is noted below.

© 2012 Optical Society of America. Users may use, reuse, and build upon the article, or use the article for text or data mining, so long as such uses are for non-commercial purposes and appropriate attribution is maintained. All other rights are reserved.

DOI

10.1364/OE.23.029100

Source Publication

Optics Express

Included in

Optics Commons

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