Document Type


Publication Date



Line shapes for the Rb D1 (52S1/2 ↔ 52P1/2) and D2 (52S1/2 ↔ 52P3/2) transitions with 4He and 3He collisions at pressures of 500–15,000 Torr and temperatures of 333–533 K have been experimentally observed and compared to predictions from the Anderson–Talman theory. The ground X2Σ+1/2 and excited A2Π1/2, A2Π3/2, and B2Σ+1/2 potential energy surfaces required for the line shape predictions have been calculated using a one-electron pseudo-potential technique. The observed collision induced shift rates for 4He are dramatically higher for the D1 line, 4.60±0.12 MHz/Torr, than the D2 line, 0.20±0.14 MHz/Torr. The asymmetry is somewhat larger for the D1 line and has the same sign as the shifting rate. The 3He broadening rate for the D2 line is 4% larger than the 4He rate, and 14% higher for the D1 line, reflecting the higher relative speed. The calculated broadening rates are systematically larger than the observed rates by 1.1–3.2 MHz/Torr and agree within 14%. The primary focus of the current work is to characterize the high pressure line shapes, focusing on the non-Lorentzian features far from line center. In the far wing, the cross-section decreases by more than 4 orders of magnitude, with a broad, secondary maximum in the D2 line near 735 nm. The potentials do not require empirical modification to provide excellent quantitative agreement with the observations. The dipole moment variation and absorption Boltzmann factor is critical to obtaining strong agreement in the wings.


Copyright statement: ©2016 Published by Elsevier B.V. This manuscript is made available under the Elsevier user license.

This record on AFIT Scholar furnishes the Preprint submitted to Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy & Radiative Transfer, June 2016.

The final published version of record of the article appears in the journal as cited below, and is accessible by subscription.

Plain-text title: High pressure line shapes of the Rb {D1} and {D2} lines for 4He and 3He collisions



Source Publication

Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer

Included in

Nuclear Commons