Background: US military Veterans returned from Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation New Dawn (OEF/OIF/OND) with symptoms associated with mild traumatic brain injury [mTBI; i.e., persistent post-concussive (PPC) symptoms] and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Interventions aimed at addressing symptoms associated with both physical and psychological stressors (e.g., PPC and PTSD symptoms) are needed. This study was conducted to assess the feasibility, acceptability, and safety of a probiotic intervention, as well as to begin the process of evaluating potential biological outcomes.
Frontiers in Neurology
Brenner, L. A., Forster, J. E., Stearns-Yoder, K. A., Stamper, C. E., Hoisington, A. J., Brostow, D. P., … Lowry, C. A. (2020). Evaluation of an immunomodulatory probiotic intervention for veterans with co-occurring mild traumatic brain injury and posttraumatic stress disorder: A pilot study. Frontiers in Neurology, 11, art. 1015. https://doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2020.01015