We present twisted spatiotemporal optical vortex (STOV) beams, which are partially coherent light sources that possess a coherent optical vortex and a random twist coupling their space and time dimensions. These beams have controllable partial coherence and transverse orbital angular momentum (OAM), which distinguishes them from the more common spatial vortex and twisted beams (known to carry longitudinal OAM) in the literature and should ultimately make them useful in applications such as optical communications and optical tweezing. We present the mathematical analysis of twisted STOV beams, deriving the mutual coherence function and linear and angular momentum densities. We simulate the synthesis of twisted STOV beams and investigate their free-space propagation characteristics. We discuss how to physically generate twisted STOV fields and lastly conclude with a summary and brief discussion of future research.
IEEE Photonics Journal
M. W. Hyde, "Twisted Spatiotemporal Optical Vortex Random Fields," in IEEE Photonics Journal, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 1-16, April 2021, Art no. 6500116, doi: 10.1109/JPHOT.2021.3066898.