We report on experiments where super-Gaussian and flat-top, multi-Gaussian Schell-model spatially partially coherent beams, with varying degrees of spatial coherence, were propagated underwater. Two scenarios were explored—calm and mechanically agitated water. The main objective of our study was the experimental comparison of the scintillation statistics. For a similar degree of coherence widths, the results show a potentially improved performance of scintillation index for the multi-Gaussian Schell-model beams as compared to the super-Gaussian beams. It should be noted that the presented results pertain only to the given experimental scenarios and further investigation is necessary to determine the scope of the findings.
S. Avramov-Zamurovic, C. Nelson, and M. Hyde, "Experimental study: underwater propagation of super-Gaussian and multi-Gaussian Schell-model partially coherent beams with varying degrees of spatial coherence," OSA Continuum 2, 450-459 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1364/OSAC.2.000450