Assessment of Deployment-Related Exposures on Risk of Incident Mental Health Diagnoses Among Air Force Medical Service Personnel: Nested Case-Control Study

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Excerpt: Recent military conflicts in Iraq (Operation Iraqi Freedom), Afghanistan (Operation Enduring Freedom), and elsewhere have been associated with psychological impacts among military personnel. However, relatively little is known about the relationship between those conflicts and psychological health of military health care professionals. Previous work has shown certain demographic factors associated with diagnosed mental health conditions after deployment. However, unique exposures in the deployed environment may be present that are also associated. Understanding the relationship between the demographic factors, exposures, and post-deployment mental health (PDMH) conditions has not been investigated. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between occupational and/or environmental exposures and incident PDMH conditions in a defined population of United States Air Force health care personnel returning from the deployed environment (i.e., deployment-related exposures).


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Military Medicine