Comparison of Body Composition Metrics for United States Air Force Airmen
Excerpt: The United States Air Force currently uses AFI 36–2905 for cardiovascular fitness standards and evaluation. Regarding its fitness test, the Air Force considers waist circumference (WC) twice as important as push-ups or sit-ups. Because of this weighting, one assumes that the Air Force considers WC relatively correlated with overall fitness or at least cardiovascular fitness. To our knowledge, the Air Force has not considered on a large scale how body mass index (BMI), height-to-weight ratio (H-W), or waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) compares with WC with respect to its fitness test.
Griffith, J. R., White, E. D., Fass, R. D., & Lucas, B. M. (2018). Comparison of Body Composition Metrics for United States Air Force Airmen. Military Medicine, 183(3–4), E201–E207. https://doi.org/10.1093/milmed/usx053