Traveling Waves from the Arclength Parameterization: Vortex Sheets With Surface Tension

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We study traveling waves for the vortex sheet with surface tension. We use the angle-arclength description of the interface rather than Cartesian coordinates, and we utilize an arclength parameterization as well. In this setting, we make a new formulation of the traveling wave ansatz. For this problem, it should be possible for traveling waves to overturn, and notably, our formulation does allow for waves with multi-valued height. We prove that there exist traveling vortex sheets with surface tension bifurcating from equilibrium. We compute these waves by means of a quasi-Newton iteration in Fourier space; we find continua of traveling waves bifurcating from equilibrium and extending to include overturning waves, for a variety of values of the mean vortex sheet strength.


©2013 European Mathematical Society.

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Reviewed at MR3148596

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Interfaces and Free Boundaries