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Airborne laser-communication systems require special considerations in size, complexity, power, and weight. We reduce the variability of the received signal by implementing optimized multiple-transmitter systems to average out the deleterious effects of turbulence. We derive the angular laser-beam separation for various isoplanatic and uncorrelated (anisoplanatic) conditions for the phase and amplitude effects. In most cases and geometries, the angles ordered from largest to smallest are: phase uncorrelated angle (equivalent to the tilt uncorrelated angle), tilt isoplanatic angle, phase isoplanatic angle, scintillation uncorrelated angle, and scintillation correlation angle (πœƒπœ“π‘–π‘›π‘‘>πœƒπ‘‡π΄>πœƒ0>πœƒπœ’π‘–π‘›π‘‘>πœƒπœ’π‘) . Multiple beams with angular separations beyond πœƒπœ’π‘ tend to reduce scintillation variations. Larger separations such as ΞΈTA reduce higher-order phase and scintillation variations and still larger separations beyond πœƒπœ“π‘–π‘›π‘‘ tend to reduce the higher and lower-order (e.g. tilt) phase and scintillation effects. Simulations show two-transmitter systems reduce bit error rates for ground-to-air, air-to-air, and ground-to-ground scenarios.


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Optics Express