This work highlights the fundamental mechanisms and historical perspective for military PV technology applications and addresses the operational considerations for effectively deploying PV technology. PV materials, structures and architectures have matured into competitive and readily available energy technologies based on their levelized cost of energy (LCOE). However, enhancing warfighting capabilities requires attention to systems considerations beyond cost per watt or LCOE. While PV is impractical for fighters and bombers as it can meet less than 1% of their power requirements, there are numerous areas that could benefit from the application of PV technology. For example, installing PV arrays on all DoD land could meet the electrical energy requirement of the United States and two other industrialized nations.
Martin-Abood, D., Dudis, T., & Wagner, T. (2020). Solar photovoltaic considerations for operational and warfighter support capabilities. Journal of the Homeland Defense and Security Information Analysis Center, 7(1), 5–13.