Document Type


Publication Date

Spring 2021


This article will examine the proposed space operations structure by first outlining the historical foundations for differences in maritime and air domain military capabilities, specifically brown-w­ater versus blue-w­ater navies, and “local/ regional” versus “global” airpower. Next, the article will present the concept of black space and blue space in terms of an environment-­specific definition, as well as an examination of the technical capability requirements, mission types, and national prestige and geopolitical considerations underpinning the proposed operation types. Finally, the article will explore how the USSF might support future space exploration within the black-­space and blue-s­pace operations structure.


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[*] Author note: At the time of publication Capt Carl Poole was a graduate student at Air Force Institute of Technology.

Source Publication

Air & Space Power Journal