Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Electrical Engineering


Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

First Advisor

Robert Riggins, PhD


As navigation systems continue to improve in performance and features, the Air Force must develop better Navigation Reference Systems (NRS) to keep pace with technology. Specifically, with the advent of enhanced, integrated Global Positioning System (GPS) and Inertial Navigation System (INS) navigators, emphasis is placed on the measuring performance in the presence of GPS jamming. To meet these needs, a new NRS, dubbed the Sub-Meter Accuracy Reference System (SARS), is being developed by the 746th Test Squadron, Holloman AFB, New Mexico. SARS uses a unique, inverted GPS pseudolite positioning system to determine a reference trajectory. This research investigates two post processing methods of determining velocity from a discrete position data at a constant data rate. The first method employs numerical differentiation along with digital filters provide noise reduction. The second method uses kinematic model based Kalman filter and smoothing to determine the reference velocity.

AFIT Designator


DTIC Accession Number