Effects of Steam Environment on Fatigue Behavior of Two SiC/[SiC+Si3N4] Ceramic Composites at 1300°C

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The fatigue behaviors of two SiC/[SiC+Si3N4] ceramic matrix composites (CMC) were investigated at 1,300°C in laboratory air and in steam. Composites consisted of a crystalline [SiC+Si3N4] matrix reinforced with either Sylramic™ or Sylramic-iBN fibers (treated Sylramic™ fibers that possess an in situ BN coating) woven in a five-harness satin weave fabric and coated with a proprietary boron-containing dual-layer interphase. The tensile stress–strain behaviors were investigated and the tensile properties measured at 1,300°C. Tension–tension fatigue behaviors of both CMCs were studied for fatigue stresses ranging from 100 to 180 MPa. The fatigue limit (based on a run-out condition of 2 × 105 cycles) in both air and steam was 100 MPa for the CMC containing Sylramic™ fibers and 140 MPa for the CMC reinforced with Sylramic-iBN fibers. At higher fatigue stresses, the presence of steam caused noticeable degradation in fatigue performance of both composites. The retained strength and modulus of all run-out specimens were characterized. The materials tested in air retained 100% of their tensile strength, while the materials tested in steam retained only about 90% of their tensile strength.


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Applied Composite Materials