Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science

First Advisor

Craig M. Brandt, PhD

Second Advisor

Jannett Bradford, PhD


This study sought to identify the role of U.S. foreign policy in shaping Egypt's transition from Soviet economic and military aid to U.S. security assistance from 1969 to 1979 and the factors shaping that transition. An historical analysis of the Nixon, Ford, and Carter Administrations and their foreign policy towards Egypt and the Middle East during the period in question was employed to complete this study. The researcher determined that U.S. diplomacy and dialogue in negotiating an Egyptian-Israeli peace resulted in the end to Soviet economic and military aid to Egypt. During the negotiating process, U.S. economic and military aid served as both reward and enticement as Egypt moved towards peace with Israel. The trickle of U.S. security assistance became a torrent when Egypt signed a permanent peace treaty with Israel. Signed in 1979, the Egyptian-Israeli peace treaty signaled the end to Soviet involvement in Egypt and the beginning of large scale U.S. security assistance. The factors motivating three presidential administrations during this period were countering Soviet influence in the region, reducing or eliminating the prospects of further Arab-Israeli conflict, and maintaining a secure, steady flow of oil from the region for the U.S. and its allies.

AFIT Designator


DTIC Accession Number



The author's Vita page is omitted.

Presented to the Faculty of the Graduate School of Logistics and Acquisition Management of the Air Force Institute of Technology.