Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science

First Advisor

Craig M. Brandt, PhD


The 1970s were a period of great transition for the United States. Plagued by the Vietnam conflict, a conflict which we could never win because of poor planning and lack of resolve by government officials in the highest office, and the Watergate debacle, where our government veered out of control, the time was ripe for change. Which is precisely why the ideals and philosophies of one James Earl Carter enabled him to ascend to become the 39th President of the United States. President Carter entered office pledging the United States would lead the way in the restriction of weapons exports and increase world awareness on the issue of human rights. He kept his word by passing a six-point plan, known as Presidential Directive 13, which imposed a variety of restrictions on the transfer of arms from the United States to other countries. He also attempted to accomplish his human rights objective by linking the transfer of arms with the recipient country's acceptable treatment of its populace. By protesting human rights violations he hoped to secure increased rights for the politically oppressed around the world. Though the Carter effort did succeed in raising the level of concern for human rights around the globe, due to its uneven application and inconsistent implementation, it was discarded as a policy in 1979. The six-point plan to reduce the proliferation of arms around the globe was also ineffective, primarily because countries friendly to the United States did not agree with the merits of the plan.

AFIT Designator


DTIC Accession Number



The author's Vita page is omitted.

Presented to the Faculty of the Graduate School of Logistics and Acquisition Management of the Air Force Institute of Technology.