Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science


Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics

First Advisor

Thomas Buter, PhD


The effect of a favorable pressure gradient on the turbulent flow structure in a Mach 2.9 boundary layer (Re/m approx. 1.5 x 107) is investigated experimentally. Conventional flow and hot film measurements of turbulent fluctuation properties have been made upstream of and along an expansion ramp. Upstream measurements were taken in a zero pressure gradient boundary layer 44 cm from the nozzle throat in a 6.35 cm square test section. Measurements are obtained in the boundary layer, above the expansion ramp, 71.5 cm from the nozzle throat. Mean flow and turbulent flow characteristics are measured in all three dimensions. Comparisons are made between data obtained using single and multiple-overheat cross-wire anemometry as well as conventional mean flow probes. Conventional flow measurements were taken using a Pitot probe and a 10 degree cone static probe. Flow visualization was conducted via imaging techniques (Schlieren and shadowgraph photographs). Results suggest that compressibility effects, as seen through the density fluctuations in the Reynolds shear stress are roughly 10% relative to the mean velocity and are large relative to the velocity fluctuations. This is also observed in the total Reynolds shear stress; compressibility accounts for 50 - 75% of the total shear. This is particularly true in the favorable pressure gradient region, where though the peak fluctuation intensities are diminished, the streamwise component of the mean flow is larger, hence the contribution of the compressibility term is significant in the Reynolds shear.

AFIT Designator


DTIC Accession Number