Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science

First Advisor

Richard A. L'Heureux, PhD

Second Advisor

David K. Vaughan, PhD


This research explored the small business's perceived ability to provide goods and services to the Department of Defense through the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program. The research was sparked by the enactment of Public Law 102-564, which increased the emphasis in commercialization as a basis for contract award and required a business plan to demonstrate commercial potential and third-party funding commitments. Five SBIR participants in the acquisition of Air Force research and developments innovation, were investigated through case-study methodology. The research concluded that although the defense industries recognized the cumbersome nature of government procurement, they are eager to provide recommendations that may enhance the effectiveness of the program. The research findings also suggested that the Government periodically solicit the perceptions of small business participants prior to making policy changes to ensure the impact of those changes is not contrary to the intent of the program. Finally, the research uncovered issues that impact small business participation in the program. Additional research into these issues may further improve the efficacy of the SBIR program which promotes technology transfer through the use of small businesses.

AFIT Designator


DTIC Accession Number



Presented to the Faculty of the Graduate School of Logistics and Acquisition Management of the Air Force Institute of Technology