Date of Award
Master of Science
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Peter J. Colllins, PhD.
Radar imaging is a tool used by our military to provide information to enhance situational awareness for both war fighters on the front lines and military leaders planning and forming strategies from afar. Noise radar technology is especially exciting as it has properties of covertness as well as the ability to see through walls, foliage, and other types of cover. In this thesis, AFIT's NoNet was used to generate images utilizing a random noise radar waveform as the transmission signal. The NoNet was arranged in four configurations: arc, line, cluster, and surround. Images were formed using three algorithms: multilateration and the SAR imaging techniques, convolution backprojection, and polar format algorithm. Each configuration was assessed based on image quality, in terms of its resolution, and computational complexity, in terms of its execution time. Experiments revealed tradeoffs between computational complexity and achieving fine resolutions. Depending on image size, the multilateration algorithm was approximately 6 to 35 faster than polar format and 16 to 26 times faster than convolution backprojection. Backprojection yielded images with resolutions up to approximately 11 times finer in range and 18 times finer in cross-range for the surround configuration, over multilateration images. Pixel size in polar format images made comparisons of resolution unusable. This thesis provides information on the performance of imaging algorithms given a configuration of nodes. The information will provide groundwork for future use of the AFIT NoNet as a covertly operating imaging radar in dynamic applications.
DTIC Accession Number
Cruz, Jesse B., "Comparison of Image Processing Techniques Using Random Noise Radar" (2014). Theses and Dissertations. 594.