Date of Award
Master of Science
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Stewart L. DeVilbiss, PhD
This work presents a novel approach to code phase multipath mitigation for Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers. It uses the power and complex cepstra for multipath detection and mitigation prior to code phase tracking by a standard non-coherent delay lock loop. Cepstral theory is presented to demonstrate how multipath reflection delays can be detected through the use of the power cepstrum. Filtering can then be performed on the complex cepstrum to remove multipath effects in the cepstral domain. Finally, an inverse complex cepstrum is calculated yielding a theoretically multipath free direct path estimate in the time domain. Simulations are presented to verify the applicability of cepstral techniques to the problem of GPS multipath mitigation. Results show that, under noiseless conditions, cepstral processing prior to code tracking by a standard non-coherent delay lock loop leads to lower code tracking biases than direct tracking of the composite multipath signal by a narrow correlator receiver. Finally, this work shows that cepstral processing is highly sensitive to additive white Gaussian noise effects, leading to the conclusion that methods of limiting noise effects must be developed before this technique will be applicable in actual GPS receivers.
DTIC Accession Number
Ormsby, Charles D., "Cepstral Processing for GPS Multipath Detection and Mitigation" (1997). Theses and Dissertations. 5733.