Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Bryon M. Welsh, PhD
Two new linear reconstruction techniques are developed to improve the resolution of images collected by ground-based telescopes imaging through atmospheric turbulence. The classical approach involves the application of constrained least squares (CLS) to the deconvolution from wavefront sensing (DWFS) technique. The new algorithm incorporates blur and noise models to select the appropriate regularization constant automatically. In all cases examined, the Newton-Raphson minimization converged to a solution in less than 10 iterations. The non-iterative Bayesian approach involves the development of a new vector Wiener filter which is optimal with respect to mean square error (MSE) for a non-stationary object class degraded by atmospheric turbulence and measurement noise. This research involves the first extension of the Wiener filter to account properly for shot noise and an unknown, random optical transfer function (OTF). The vector Wiener filter provides superior reconstructions when compared to the traditional scalar Wiener filter for a non-stationary object class. In addition, the new filter can provide a superresolution capability when the object's Fourier domain statistics are known for spatial frequencies beyond the OTF cutoff. A generalized performance and robustness study of the vector Wiener filter showed that MSE performance is fundamentally limited by object signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and correlation between object pixels.
DTIC Accession Number
Ford, Stephen D., "Linear Reconstruction of Non-Stationary Image Ensembles Incorporating Blur and Noise Models" (1998). Theses and Dissertations. 5506.