Date of Award

3-2022

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science

Department

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

First Advisor

Nicolas S. Hamilton, PhD

Abstract

A new version of the Adaptive-Hybrid Redundancy (AHR) architecture was developed to be implemented and tested in hardware using Commercial-Off-The-Shelf (COTS) Field-Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs). The AHR architecture was developed to mitigate the effects that the Single Event Upset (SEU) and Single Event Transient (SET) radiation effects have on processors and was tested on a Microprocessor without Interlocked Pipeline Stages (MIPS) architecture. The AHR MIPS architecture was implemented in hardware using two Xilinx FPGAs. A Universal Asynchronous Receiver Transmitter (UART) based serial communication network was added to the AHR MIPS design to enable inter-board communication between the two FPGAs. The runtime performance of AHR MIPS was measured in hardware and compared against the runtime performance of standalone TMR and TSR MIPS architectures. The hardware implementation of AHR MIPS demonstrated flexible runtime performance that was nearly as fast as TMR MIPS, never as slow as TSR MIPS, and demonstrated performance in between those extremes. Hardware testing and verification of AHR MIPS showed that the AHR mitigation strategy presents a large performance tradespace, where a user can adjust both the runtime processor performance and radiation tolerance to fit the constraints of a space mission, while also continuing to provide adaptive performance based upon the current radiation environment.

AFIT Designator

AFIT-ENG-MS-22-M-025

DTIC Accession Number

AD1175768

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