Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science


Department of Systems Engineering and Management

First Advisor

Heidi S. Brothers, PhD


Major Defense Acquisition Programs (MDAP) cost billions of dollars and have 30 to 50 year life spans. Numerous (federal, state, etc.) laws, Environmental Protection Agency regulations, and Executive Orders have driven DoD to develop and implement significant environmental policies within the past ten to fifteen years. Congressional mandate now requires each MDAP to evaluate its environmental life cycle cost (ELCC) to minimize these costs. This research focuses on the current methodologies and models used to predict and calculate the ELCC of a MDAP. This thesis analyzed the difficulties associated with using ELCC methodologies and models and examined several case studies of organizations that have used ELCC methodologies and models. Environmental cost categories from three DoD organizations were analyzed and benchmarked to develop a standardized work breakdown structure (WBS) for all MDAP. A set of criteria was developed to evaluate ELCC methodologies and models and then applied to three existing DoD ELCC methodologies and models (Army ELCC Methodology, Navy ELCC Model, and National Defense Center of Environmental Excellence Environmental Cost Analysis Methodology). A recommendation is provided to the Deputy Undersecretary of Defense for Environmental Security to develop a new foundation for MDAP by adopting the three existing DoD ELCC methodologies and models and the standardized environmental WBS. Finally, suggestions are provided to help MDAP overcome common difficulties associated with the implementation and use of ELCC methodologies and models.

AFIT Designator


DTIC Accession Number