Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Department of Engineering Physics

First Advisor

Yung Kee Yeo, PhD


A comprehensive and systematic electrical activation study of Si-implanted GaN was performed as a function of ion implantation dose, anneal temperature, and implantation temperature. Additionally, Mg-implanted GaN was also investigated. Temperature-dependent Hall effect measurements and photoluminescence (PL) spectra were used to characterize the samples. GaN wafers capped with AlN were implanted with Si ions at doses ranging from 1x1013 to 5x1015 cm-2 and annealed from 1050 to 1350 °C. The optimum anneal temperature for samples implanted with the higher Si doses is around 1350 °C, exhibiting nearly 100% electrical activation efficiency. Exceptional mobilities and carrier concentrations were obtained on all Si-implanted samples. PL spectra revealed nearly complete implantation damage recovery as well as the nature of the yellow luminescence plaguing nearly all Si-doped GaN. Additionally, GaN wafers were implanted with Mg and various coimplants and annealed from 1100 to 1350 °C. All of the Mg-implanted and most of the Mg-coimplanted GaN samples became extremely resistive, and did not show definite p-type conductivity even after annealing at 1350 °C, remaining highly resistive even at a sample temperature as high as 800 K. A dominant 2.36 eV green luminescence band observed in the PL spectra of all Mg-implanted samples is attributed to a Mg-related deep complex DAP transition. The inefficient electrical activation of Mg acceptors implanted into GaN is attributed to these Mg-related deep complexes.

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