Date of Award
Master of Science in Engineering Management
Department of Systems Engineering and Management
Mark N. Goltz, PhD
Perchlorate contaminated groundwater is rapidly becoming a significant environmental remediation issue for the Department of Defense. In this study, an existing numerical model that simulates the operation of a Horizontal Flow Treatment Well (HFTW) system to effect the in situ biodegradation of perchlorate through the addition of an electron donor is modified to include a submodel that describes bioclogging. Bioclogging restricts flow out of the HFTW due to the accumulation of biomass directly adjacent to the well. The modified model is then applied to an existing perchlorate contaminated site that will be used for an evaluation of the HFTW technology. Simulations were conducted to determine the impact of altering various engineered parameters on HFTW performance. Simulation results indicate that higher time averaged electron donor concentrations and HFTW pumping rates lead to more perchlorate degradation in terms of total mass of perchlorate removed. Simulation results also indicate that varying the electron donor addition schedule has little impact on HFTW performance. The simulations conducted in this study show that, regardless of the engineered parameter values, bioclogging does not impact the ability of the HFTW technology to effect in situ biodegradation of perchlorate at the evaluation site.
DTIC Accession Number
Chosa, Peter G., "Modeling a Field Application of In Situ Bioremediation of Perchlorate-Contaminated Groundwater Using Horizontal Flow Treatment Wells (HFTWs)" (2004). Theses and Dissertations. 4064.