Effect of Equivalence Ratio and G-Loading on In-Situ Measurements of Chemiluminescence in an Ultra Compact Combustor
Date of Award
Master of Science in Aeronautical Engineering
Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics
Ralph A. Anthenien, PhD
Using a spectrometer and high temperature fiber optics the relative intensities of the near-infrared, visible, and ultraviolet radiation emitted from the C2*, CH*, and OH* radicals were measured at eight discrete locations within the Ultra Compact Combustor test rig. Blackbody radiation in the near infrared also was observed. The tests were conducted at various g-loadings and overall equivalence ratios and with various air hole configurations. These measurements were compared to determine the effect of these changes on the radiation emitted. Local C2* intensities were used to estimate the flame location within the combustor and the local CH*/OH* ratio was used as a gauge of the local equivalence ratio within the cavity. Results indicate that the highest ratios of CH*/OH* occur in the outer radius of the cavity where the high g-loads transport the colder unreacted fuel and air. The highest C2* ratios also occur in the outer radius. A correlation between cavity equivalence ratio and C2*/OH* was determined for these experiments as well. Fuel droplet size characterization also was conducted using a laser diffraction particle size analyzer. The same pressure atomizer used in the Ultra Compact Combustor test rig was used. Fuel flow conditions simulated the same fuel flow conditions as the test rig. Experiments indicated poor atomization at the lower overall fuel-to-air ratio test conditions since the fuel flow pressure is relatively low at these conditions. Combustion efficiencies also were some of the lowest efficiencies measured for these test conditions, which is indicative of poor fuel atomization. All experiments were completed in the Air Force Research Laboratory's Atmospheric Combustion Research Facility at Wright-Patterson AFB. This research supports compact common core initiatives of the Versatile, Affordable, Advanced Turbine Engine (VAATE) program. (15 tables, 71 figures, 21 refs.)
DTIC Accession Number
Armstrong, Jason M., "Effect of Equivalence Ratio and G-Loading on In-Situ Measurements of Chemiluminescence in an Ultra Compact Combustor" (2004). Theses and Dissertations. 3919.