Date of Award
Master of Science
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Gilbert L. Peterson, PhD
One critical step in providing the Air Force the capability to explore unknown environments is for an autonomous agent to be able to determine its location. The calculation of the robot's pose is an optimization problem making use of the robot's internal navigation sensors and data fusion of range sensor readings to find the most likely pose. This data fusion process requires the simultaneous generation of a map which the autonomous vehicle can then use to avoid obstacles, communicate with other agents in the same environment, and locate targets. Our solution entails mounting a Class 1 laser to an ERS-7 AIBO. The laser projects a horizontal line on obstacles in the AIBO camera's field of view. Range readings are determined by capturing and processing multiple image frames, resolving the laser line to the horizon, and extract distance information to each obstacle. This range data is then used in conjunction with mapping a localization software to accurately navigate the AIBO.
DTIC Accession Number
Crews, Carrie D., "Robot Localization Using Visual Image Mapping" (2006). Theses and Dissertations. 3330.