Date of Award
Master of Science in Electrical Engineering
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Robert F. Mills, PhD
Low-power devices are commonly used by the enemy to control Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs), and as communications nodes for command and control. Quickly locating the source of these signals is difficult, especially in an urban environment where buildings and towers can cause interference. This research presents a geolocation system that combines several geolocation and error mitigation methods to locate an emitter in an urban environment. The proposed geolocation system uses a Time Difference of Arrival (TDOA) technique to estimate the location of the emitter of interest. Using sensors at known locations, TDOA estimates are obtained by cross-correlating the signal received at all the sensors. A Weighted Least Squares (WLS) solution is used to estimate the emitter's location. If the variance of the location estimate is too high, a sensor is detected as having a Non-Line of Sight (NLOS) path from the emitter, and is removed from the geolocation system and a new position estimate is calculated with the remaining sensor TDOA information. The performance of the system is assessed through modeling and simulations. The test results confirm the feasibility of identifying a NLOS sensor, thereby improving the geolocation system's accuracy in an urban environment.
DTIC Accession Number
Montminy, Myrna B., "Passive Geolocation of Low Power Emitters in Urban Environments using TDOA" (2007). Theses and Dissertations. 3138.