John M. Roehl

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science


Department of Systems Engineering and Management

First Advisor

Michael R. Grimaila, PhD


Internet Protocol Geolocation (IP Geolocation), the process of determining the approximate geographic location of an IP addressable node, has proven useful in a wide variety of commercial applications. Commercial applications of IP Geolocation include market research, redirection for performance enhancement, restricting content, and combating fraud. The potential for military applications include securing remote access via geographic authentication, intelligence collection, and cyber attack attribution. IP Geolocation methods can be divided into three basic categories based upon what information is used to determine the geographic location of the given IP address: 1) Information contained in databases, 2) information that is leaked during connections with the IP of interest, and 3) network-based routing and timing information. This thesis focuses upon an analysis in the third category: delay-based methods. Specifically, a comparative analysis of the three existing delay-based IP Geolocation methods: Upperbound Multilateration (UBM), Constraint Based Geolocation (CBG), and Time to Location Heuristic (TTLH) is conducted. Based upon analysis of the results, a new hybrid methodology is proposed that combines the three existing methods to improve the accuracy when conducting IP Geolocation. Simulations results showed that the new hybrid methodology TTLH method improved the success rate from 80.15% to 91.66% when compared to the shotgun TTLH method.

AFIT Designator


DTIC Accession Number