Date of Award
Master of Science in Aeronautical Engineering
Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics
Paul I. King, PhD
Research was conducted on a novel combustor design using a highly centrifugal loaded circumferential cavity to enhance flame speeds and lower mixing time to lower overall combustion time achieving improved efficiency and stability. This Ultra-Compact Combustor (UCC) is fed air with a bulk swirl, resembling gas leaving a compressor without the final set of compressor guide vanes to straighten the flow, at higher than normal Mach numbers for a combustor. The larger Mach numbers in the combustor do not cause a total pressure loss in excess of what Rayleigh theory would dictate for the given heat addition taking place within the combustor. Tests were conducted on the UCC with a clockwise or counter-clockwise swirl direction in the circumferential cavity using JP-8 and natural gas derived Fischer-Tropsch synthetic jet fuel with each direction. The results for lean blow out stability, combustion efficiency, and emissions proved that the best configuration uses counterclockwise swirl. The two fuels performed equally with no noticeable differences between JP-8 and the synthetic Fischer-Tropsch fuel.
DTIC Accession Number
Radtke, James T., "Efficiency and Pressure Loss Characteristics of an Ultra-Compact Combustor with Bulk Swirl" (2007). Theses and Dissertations. 2949.