Date of Award
Master of Science in Electrical Engineering
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
John F. Raquet, PhD
The Global Positioning System (GPS) has become the primary system for navigation and precise positioning. GPS has limitations, though, and is not suitable in environments where a line-of-site (LOS) path to multiple satellites is not available. Reliable alternatives need to be developed to provide GPS-like positioning when GPS is unavailable. One such alternative is to use signals of opportunity (SoOP). This concept refers to navigation using signals which inherently exist in the environment and were developed for non-navigation applications. This research focuses on exploiting the Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexed (OFDM) signal for the purpose of navigation. An algorithm was developed to simulate a transmitter, receiver, channel noise, and multipath propagation. A transmitter and reference receiver, both at known locations, and a mobile receiver at an unknown location were used to conduct simulations with a transmitted OFDM signal in a Rayleigh-distributed multipath environment. The OFDM signal structure was exploited by using its cyclic prefix in a correlation process to find the first symbol boundary in each received signal. Each receiver calculates statistical features about each symbol in the received signal. These two sets of data are then correlated in order find the difference in symbol arrival times. The simulations were run for varying levels of oversampling in an effort to gain more accurate results by decreasing the sample period. Results show that oversampling the signal only slightly reduces errors in the symbol boundary correlation process, while multipath has a significant impact on correlation performance. It was also found that increasing the window size significantly improved feature correlator performance and yielded promising results even in the presence of high multipath environments.
DTIC Accession Number
Schexnayder, Christopher M., "Effects of Multipath and Oversampling on Navigation Using Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexed Signals of Opportunity" (2008). Theses and Dissertations. 2777.