Date of Award
Master of Science in Electrical Engineering
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Richard K. Martin, PhD
This thesis investigates a modification to Differential Phase Shift Keyed (DPSK) modulation to create a Low Probability of Interception/Exploitation (LPI/LPE) communications signal. A pseudorandom timing offset is applied to each symbol in the communications stream to intentionally create intersymbol interference (ISI) that hinders accurate symbol estimation and bit sequence recovery by a non-cooperative receiver. Two cooperative receiver strategies are proposed to mitigate the ISI due to symbol timing offset: a modified minimum Mean Square Error (MMSE) equalization algorithm and a multiplexed bank of equalizer filters determined by an adaptive Least Mean Square (LMS) algorithm. Both cooperative receivers require some knowledge of the pseudorandom symbol timing dither to successfully demodulate the communications waveform. Numerical Matlab® simulation is used to demonstrate the bit error rate performance of cooperative receivers and notional non-cooperative receivers for binary, 4-ary, and 8-ary DPSK waveforms transmitted through a line-of-sight, additive white Gaussian noise channel. Simulation results suggest that proper selection of pulse shape and probability distribution of symbol timing offsets produces a waveform that is accurately demodulated by the proposed cooperative receivers and significantly degrades non-cooperative receiver symbol estimation accuracy. In typical simulations, non-cooperative receivers required 2-8 dB more signal power than cooperative receivers to achieve a bit error rate of 1.0%. For nearly all reasonable parameter selections, non-cooperative receivers produced bit error rates in excess of 0.1%, even when signal power is unconstrained.
DTIC Accession Number
Liefer, Nathaniel C., "Signal Processing Design of Low Probability of Intercept Waveforms" (2008). Theses and Dissertations. 2772.