Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science


Department of Engineering Physics

First Advisor

Michael A. Marciniak, PhD


The temperature dependence of Bidirectional Reflectivity Distribution Functions (BRDFs) is not well documented. For the sake of time and customer demand, current measurements are taken at room temperature, but the reflectivity of a material changes as a function of temperature. The assumption is that this change is uniform, and as such, the BRDF will retain its relative angular shape but perhaps be scaled in magnitude as a function of temperature. When BRDFs are to be used at elevated temperatures, a scaling factor is then applied. In addition, BRDF as a function of rate of change of temperature has been identified by the Directed Energy community as being of interest in optical determination of power on target. BRDF acquisition is often taken with very expensive pieces of equipment known as gonioreflectometers. The process of collecting a BRDF for a sample can take on the order of a day. To speed the collection of BRDF data, the computer graphics industry developed a technique using a series of images that contain enough information to extract the BRDF of the sample in question. This experiment begins the journey down the path towards understanding temperature dependence of BRDF through image-based BRDF measurement. With the eventual goal of temperature coupled samples, the size of the optics, used here had to be large to accommodate the size of thermally controlled samples. Much of this initial experimental set up was creating custom components to hold the large optics, the sample or the camera.

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