Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Materials Science


Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics

First Advisor

Shankar Mall, PhD.


This thesis presents the results of a study to quantify the effects of biaxial loading on fatigue crack behavior in both air and saltwater (3.5% NaCl) environments from pre-cracked notched circular hole in a 7075-T6 cruciform specimen using a fracture mechanics approach. With stress ratio of R = 0.5, the crack growth behavior was investigated under fatigue loading with 0.5, 0, -0.5, and -1 biaxial stress ratio lambda. The crack propagation was monitored using optical microscopy. Finite Element Analysis was performed using the different stress ranges and stress ratios with various crack sizes to compute of stress intensity factors (delta K) at the crack tips. It was observed from the study that negative biaxiality has a very pronounced effect on the crack growth rate. The crack propagates faster with negative biaxiality and also the saltwater environment accelerates the crack propagation due to corrosion.

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