Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science


Department of Engineering Physics

First Advisor

Michael A. Marciniak, PhD


The Bi-Directional Reflectance Distribution Function (BRDF) has a well defined diffuse measurement standard in the ultraviolet, visible, and near infrared (NIR), Spectralon(trade name). It is predictable, stable, repeatable, and has low surface variation because it is a bulk scatterer. In the mid-wave IR (MWIR) and long-wave IR (LWIR), there is not such a well-defined standard. There are well-defined directional hemispherical reflectance (DHR) standards, but the process of integrating BRDF measurements into DHR for the purpose of calibration is problematic, at best. Direct BRDF measurement standards are needed. This study use current calibration techniques to ensure valid measurements and then systematically investigates the BRDF and its variation for eight potential MWIR diffuse BRDF standards. Diffuseness, repeatability, and reflectance are all considered as required parameters necessary for a di use MWIR BRDF standard. This document shows comparatively that Spectralon is an excellent candidate for a diffuse MWIR BRDF standard.

AFIT Designator


DTIC Accession Number