Ted T. Kim

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics

First Advisor

Shankar Mall, PhD


This research investigated four different types of CMCs in a simulated gas turbine engine hot section condition that involved the simultaneous application of a combustion environment and mechanical fatigue loading using a unique burner rig facility developed for this study at AFIT. Three of the materials were woven Melt-Infiltrated (MI) BN/SiC reinforced by Hi-Nicalon Type S (Hi-Nic-S), Sylramic (Syl) and Sylramic with insitu BN coating (Syl-iBN) fibers, respectively. They were made by the slurry cast method. The other CMC was MI Hi-Nic-S/BN/SiC made using the prepreg MI processing. Prepreg MI CMC and Sylramic-iBN fiber reinforced CMC showed better resistance to the fatigue loading in the combustion environment. Thermally induced stress was determined using finite element analysis to be significant in elevating the stress level locally, causing reduction in the overall stress at which sufficient cracking occurs and leads to failure by means of oxidative degradation. Machined edge was susceptible to cracking and subsequently to oxidation that occurred behind the crack tip.

AFIT Designator


DTIC Accession Number