Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

First Advisor

Scott R. Graham, PhD


An Adaptive-Hybrid Redundancy (AHR) mitigation strategy is proposed to mitigate the effects of Single Event Upset (SEU) and Single Event Transient (SET) radiation effects. AHR is adaptive because it switches between Triple Modular Redundancy (TMR) and Temporal Software Redundancy (TSR). AHR is hybrid because it uses hardware and software redundancy. AHR is demonstrated to run faster than TSR and use less energy than TMR. Furthermore, AHR allows space vehicle designers, mission planners, and operators the flexibility to determine how much time is spent in TMR and TSR. TMR mode provides faster processing at the expense of greater energy usage. TSR mode uses less energy at the expense of processing speed. AHR allows the user to determine the optimal balance between these modes based on their mission needs and changes can be made even after the space vehicle is operational. Radiation testing was performed to determine the SEU injection rate for simulations and analyses. A Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) was used to expedite testing in hardware.

AFIT Designator


DTIC Accession Number