Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Electrical Engineering


Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

First Advisor

Robert C. Leishman, PhD


Event-based cameras are a new type of visual sensor that operate under a unique paradigm. These cameras provide asynchronous data on the log-level changes in light intensity for individual pixels, independent of other pixels' measurements. Through the hardware-level approach to change detection, these cameras can achieve microsecond fidelity, millisecond latency, ultra-wide dynamic range, and all with very low power requirements. The advantages provided by event-based cameras make them excellent candidates for visual odometry (VO) for unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) navigation. This document presents the research and implementation of an event-based visual inertial odometry (EVIO) pipeline, which estimates a vehicle's 6-degrees-of-freedom (DOF) motion and pose utilizing an affixed event-based camera with an integrated Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) inertial measurement unit (IMU). The front-end of the EVIO pipeline uses the current motion estimate of the pipeline to generate motion-compensated frames from the asynchronous event camera data. These frames are fed the back-end of the pipeline, which uses a Multi-State Constrained Kalman Filter (MSCKF) [1] implemented with Scorpion, a Bayesian state estimation framework developed by the Autonomy and Navigation Technology (ANT) Center at Air Force Institute of Technology (AFIT) [2]. This EVIO pipeline was tested on selections from the benchmark Event Camera Dataset [3]; and on a dataset collected, as part of this research, during the ANT Center's first flight test with an event-based camera.

AFIT Designator


DTIC Accession Number