Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science


Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

First Advisor

Sanjeev Gunawardena, PhD


Radiofrequency (RF) interference threatens the functionality of systems that increasingly underpin the daily function of modern society. In recent years there have been multiple incidents of intentional RF spectrum denial using terrestrial interference sources. Because RF based systems are used in safety-of-life applications in both military and civilian contexts, there is need for systems that can quickly locate these interference sources. In order to meet this need, the Air Force Research Laboratory Weapons Directorate is sponsoring the following research to support systems that will be able to quickly geolocate RF interferers using passive angle-of-arrival estimation to triangulate interference sources. This research studies the performance of angle-of arrival (AoA) estimation algorithms for an existing uniform linear antenna array. Four algorithms are presented, they are phase-shift beamforming, Capon or Minimum Variance Distortionless Response (MVDR) beamforming, the Multiple Signal Identification and Classification (MUSIC) algorithm, and one instantiation of a Maximum Likelihood Estimation (MLE) algorithm. A modeling and simulation environment using MATLAB™ is developed and the performance of each algorithm is simulated as implemented on a uniform linear array. Performance is characterized under various non-ideal conditions.

AFIT Designator


DTIC Accession Number