Date of Award
Master of Science
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Eric Trias, PhD
In an ever-increasing data rich environment, actionable information must be extracted, filtered, and correlated from massive amounts of disparate often free text sources. The usefulness of the retrieved information depends on how we accomplish these steps and present the most relevant information to the analyst. One method for extracting information from free text is Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA), a document categorization technique to classify documents into cohesive topics. Although LDA accounts for some implicit relationships such as synonymy (same meaning) it often ignores other semantic relationships such as polysemy (different meanings), hyponym (subordinate), meronym (part of), and troponomys (manner). To compensate for this deficiency, we incorporate explicit word ontologies, such as WordNet, into the LDA algorithm to account for various semantic relationships. Experiments over the 20 Newsgroups, NIPS, OHSUMED, and IED document collections demonstrate that incorporating such knowledge improves perplexity measure over LDA alone for given parameters. In addition, the same ontology augmentation improves recall and precision results for user queries.
DTIC Accession Number
Isaly, Laura A., "Augmenting Latent Dirichlet Allocation and Rank Threshold Detection with Ontologies" (2010). Theses and Dissertations. 1997.