Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Department of Operational Sciences

First Advisor

Matthew A. Douglas, PhD.


Safety is of critical importance in many industries, and the US Air Force is no exception. Since 2005, the US Air Force has experienced more than 119 on-duty air and ground fatalities as well as 520 off-duty ground fatalities. One of the more dangerous environments in the U.S. Air Force and the civilian industry is air transportation operations where the fatal injury rate is higher than the national average. However, peer-reviewed safety research focusing on air transportation operations is practically non-existent, both in the military and civilian context. Therefore, safety research that helps us better understand how to shape safety behaviors and predict or prevent mishaps must be undertaken. Furthermore, the relationship between safety and operational outcomes is not fully understood, and research efforts to gain a better understanding of the inherent safety-operations tradeoff are long overdue. To address these concerns, this dissertation 1) develops and validates an air transportation operations-specific safety climate scale capable of capturing organization and group-level safety climate, 2) investigates safety climates relationship with organizational citizenship behaviors and individual operational performance, and 3) examines the role a joint management system plays in translating safety climate into simultaneous increases in safety behaviors and individual operational performance.

AFIT Designator


DTIC Accession Number