Mujun Song

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science


Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

First Advisor

Ryan W. Thomas, PhD.


Signal detection is widely used in many applications. Some examples include Cognitive Radio (CR) and military intelligence. CRs use signal detection to sense spectral occupancy. Without guaranteed signal detection, a CR cannot reliably perform its role. Similarly, signal detection is the first step for garnering an opponent's information. Wireless signal detection can be performed using many different techniques. Some of the most popular include matched filters, energy detectors (which use measurements such as the Power Spectral Density (PSD) of the signal), and Cyclostationary Feature Detectors (CFD). Among these techniques, CFD can be viewed as a compromise technique, in that it theoretically has better low Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR) detection performance than energy detectors and less strict requirements than matched filters. CFD uses the cyclostationarity of a signal to detect its presence. Signals that have cyclostationarity exhibit correlations between widely separated spectral components. Functions that describe this cyclostationarity include the Spectral Correlation Function (SCF). One advantage of cyclostationary approaches such as these is that Additive White Gaussian Noise (AWGN) is cancelled in these functions. This characteristic makes SCF outperform PSD under low SNR environments. However, whereas PSD has been well investigated through empirical experiments throughout many researches, SCF features under real world noise have not been investigated with empirical experiments. In this effort, firstly, the SCF features of modulated signals under real world channel noise are identified and characterized using the concept of path loss. Secondly, outperformance of SCF under low SNR environment with real world signals is verified with real world signals and noise.

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