Radiation Induced Fault Detection, Diagnosis, and Characterization of Field Programmable Gate Arrays
Date of Award
Master of Science
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Yong C. Kim, PhD.
The development of Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs) has been a great achievement in the world of micro-electronics. One of these devices can be programmed to do just about anything, and replace the need for thousands of individual specialized devices. Despite their great versatility, FPGAs are still extremely vulnerable to radiation from cosmic waves in space and from adversaries on the ground. Extensive research has been conducted to examine how radiation disrupts different types of FPGAs. The results show, unfortunately, that the newer FPGAs with smaller technology are even more susceptible to radiation damage than the older ones. This research incorporates and enhances current methods of radiation detection. The design consists of 15 sensor networks that each have 29 sensors. The sensors are simple inverters, but they have the ability to detect flipped bits and delay errors caused by radiation. Analyzers process the outputs of each sensor to determine if the value agrees with what is expected. This information is fed to a reporter that creates an easy-to-read output that describes which network the fault is in, what type of fault is present, how many are in the network, how long they have been there, and the percent slowdown if it is a delay issue. Each network reports any fault data, to the computer screen in real time. This design does need some improvement, but once those improvements are made and tested, this system can be incorporated with FPGA reconfiguration methods that automatically place application logic away from failing errors of the FPGA. This system has great potential to become a great too in fault mitigation.
DTIC Accession Number
Not in DTIC
Getz, Thomas B., "Radiation Induced Fault Detection, Diagnosis, and Characterization of Field Programmable Gate Arrays" (2011). Theses and Dissertations. 1388.